September 27, 2023


The importance of exercise

Urologist’s Guide to Penis and Testicular Health

9 min read
vasectomy spelled in scrabble letters with a scissors cutting of the v

By Dr. Josh

Sexual Well being

It always amazes me how minor people today know about their genitals.  But I guess I shouldn’t be that shocked mainly because as a modern society we really do not educate men and women about their non-public areas.  We get some simple direction on hygiene from our moms and dads and/or primary caregivers.  If we’re lucky, we get a rudimentary education and learning on genitals and sex in university.  And the relaxation would seem to occur mostly from buddies and the world wide web.  Sad to say what you master from a buddy or browse on line about sex and your body may possibly not often be precise and, at worst, may well be flat out completely wrong.

As a sexual health expert, I conclusion up spending a good deal of time training sufferers about their bodies and how they function.  Several people I see have by no means definitely explored, touched, examined, seemed at, or even read through about their genitalia.  Some even cringe or blush at the mention of terms like vulva, vagina, penis, and scrotum.  But these overall body parts serve so a lot of important capabilities in our each day life.  Genital wellness is an significant portion of urinary and sexual wellbeing, which by themselves are microcosms of our overall overall health.  So if you want to strengthen or optimize your health and fitness, your nether locations are a superior location to start.

Just before we delve into the nitty (or far better nonetheless, nutty) gritty, I ought to level out that genitals never automatically dictate how a single identifies with respect to gender.  The discussion below will aim on penises and testicles.  These are human body elements, not a person.  I am intentionally leaving the expression men out of the conversation since not all folks with penis and testicles identify that way.

What follows is an outline of every thing you at any time wished to know but were as well scared to inquire your physician about your penis and testicles.  Ideally, immediately after studying you’ll wander away with a better comprehending of your dangly bits.

penis anatomy cross section


To fully fully grasp the penis and testicles, you ought to to start with have an understanding of genital anatomy.  I’ll spare you the mindless details we find out in health-related college, but there are a couple critical factors to hold in head.  Very first, there’s extra to the penis than satisfies the eye.  Did you know that the exterior aspect of the penis is only the tip of the iceberg?  That is ideal, a substantial portion of the penis extends internally all the way down to the below area of the ischiopubic rami (portion of the pelvis).  The penis is typically imagined of as a shaft and glans (also regarded as the head), but under its pores and skin, the penis is comprised of three chambers: two corpora cavernosa (erectile tissue) and the corpus spongiosum (the spongy tissue encompassing the urethra). It is the corpora cavernosa that attaches deep in the pelvis.

Secondly, the testicles aren’t the only items that sit in your scrotum.  The testicle is where by sperm and testosterone are generated, but there is other nearby constructions that are vitally vital.  For instance, the epididymis is a composition that sits on the bottom of the testicle and suppliers sperm right until they have matured.  Often the epididymis can turn into enlarged or unpleasant and be mistaken for a testicular difficulty (extra on that beneath).

3rd, when it comes to your penis and testicles, dimension issues.  Properly, often it does in any case.  Penises come in a variety of shapes and measurements and as a lot as some would like to, there’s not substantially you can do to impact the measurement of your penis.  Like Gaga reported, “Baby, you were born that way!”  But testicular size is something to hold in thoughts.  Testicles are frequently similar in dimension, but slight asymmetry can also be standard.  Testicles also are inclined to hold at distinctive heights so really do not head if your balls never dangle evenly.  If you discover acute adjustments in the sizing or location of just one or both of those of your testicles, a thing may well be mistaken (see down below) and it is always greatest to consult with a healthcare experienced.

Anatomy of male reproductive system

Fourth, the urethra sits on the underside of the penile shaft.  This is the tube that carries urine out of the system from the bladder. All through ejaculation, the urethra also carries semen—fluid comprised of sperm and fluid from the prostate, seminal vesicles, and urethra—out of the overall body.


Now that you recognize the essentials of penile and testicular anatomy, let’s talk about how to keep these regions so clean and so clear.  The penis and testicles have a way of having soiled even with mundane day-to-day routines and develop a fantastic quantity of sweat all through arduous physical activity.  The greatest way to hold your private parts squeaky cleanse is to clean these places daily.  You never require unique powders or aromatic sprays basic cleaning soap and h2o will do.  If your penis has a foreskin, make absolutely sure to pull it back again gently and wash underneath.  Not cleansing this space, can result in the build-up of smegma and lead to infections or irritation of your foreskin or glans.

Trends in pubic hair vary above time and by lifestyle.  Now, we look to be in a “less is more” time interval.  But pubic hair grooming is a make a difference of desire.  Pubic hair can be coarse or good, curly or straight, mild or darkish.  Choosing to remove it is fully up to you, but try to remember that it exists for a motive.  Pubic hair will help secure in opposition to microorganisms and lowers friction from penetrative sexual intercourse.  So if you determine to go bare, do so cautiously as your genital pores and skin is delicate and simply irritated.

man in shower


The penis and testicles are very important for urinary, sexual, and reproductive operate.  Let’s briefly explore how these functions are normally carried out and some of the matters that can take place to interfere with them.

As stated earlier mentioned the penis is property to the urethra, the suggests by which we urinate.  This hollow tube makes it possible for for urine, which carries waste filtered by the kidneys, to exit the system often from the bladder exactly where it is saved.  Urination is not usually some thing most people consider about it just takes place.  But at times points can get in the way.  The urethra operates via the prostate, which grows as folks get older and can occasionally hinder the move of urine.  Persons can also build scarring or narrowing of the urethra (known as strictures), which can make peeing challenging.

The penis is also the primary organ we penis-havers use for sexual operate.  For the duration of arousal, the penis fills with blood and the corpora cavernosa turn into engorged and rigid.  This is known as an erection.  When the penis is erect it can stand up to a significant degree of force, which is essential mainly because a excellent offer of pressure is exerted on the penis all through penetrative sex.  When the penis may possibly not be a bone, you can still fracture it if you are not careful.  Penile fracture typically occurs throughout sexual activity in which a particular person misses even though striving to penetrate their husband or wife.  This can final result in destruction to your corporal tissue, top to bruising, swelling, and probably lengthy-term penile deformity and/or erectile dysfunction.  Sex is entertaining when it is adventurous, just be thorough with your penis simply because it’s much more fragile than you may possibly assume.

The testicles often acquire a backseat to the penis in phrases of sex, but your balls are one particular of lots of various erogenous zones.  Intercourse with a penis is good, but really don’t forget about your testicles, nipples, ears, neck, and even anus.  All these areas can be just as sensitive and just as quickly aroused for the duration of sexual action.

The erect penis and testicles are typically imagined to be vital to interact in intercourse and conceive a being pregnant involving heterosexual partners.  Right after all, the testicles make the sperm that stop up in your semen and the penis carries out ejaculation.  Nevertheless, assisted reproductive technologies developed in modern many years have designed an erection and testicles a lot less critical in the method of acquiring pregnant.

Lumps and Bumps

If there’s a single matter you don’t forget from this dialogue, it need to be to make absolutely sure to take a look at your genitals on a regular basis.  Get to know your physique and figure out what is your regular.  Typically, I advocate that individuals carry out genital examinations about once per thirty day period.  Taking a few minutes in the shower to really feel factors out may possibly detect a difficulty right before it will become much too really serious.  At the time you have a baseline of what your junk seems to be and feels like, you can evaluate for changes.

Modifications in measurement, spots of inflammation or soreness, and/or new places are all issues to hold an eye out for.  Lumps on the penis are frequently benign, but not often.  Penile lesions like moles, ulcers, plaques, and cysts are significantly additional prevalent than cancer.  Continue to, examining your penis on a regular basis for parts of discomfort, hyperpigmentation, and/or redness is a fantastic concept.  As talked about previously mentioned, testicles can be unique sizes but if you recognize enlargement of just one or both of those, have a skilled test it out.  Ache is significant also, but lots of individuals feel that they should really sense agony if there is one thing significantly wrong.  Testicular cancer is really painless most of the time so really don’t let ache be your primary problem when analyzing your balls.  Most cancers often feels like a difficult lump in an or else squishy testicle.  Significantly less serious problems down in the scrotum incorporate inflammation, irritation, or an infection of the epididymis and/or testicle.

fruits and vegetables shaped like penises

Get Tested

The penis and testicles (as perfectly as the scrotum) can all be web sites of sexually transmitted bacterial infections (STI).  Getting a sexually dependable man or woman signifies obtaining examined for STIs frequently.  How frequently is dependent on your sexual action.  Those with various associates or who are partaking in “risky” sexual conduct should really get tested more often.  STIs involving the penis can include things like gonorrhea, chlamydia, herpes, human papillomavirus (HPV), molluscum, and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)—just to name a number of.  From time to time these STI can be symptomatic, but sometimes they aren’t.  Urethral discharge, obvious lesions, and burning when you pee can clue you in that it could be time to acquire a excursion to the STI clinic.  The testicles can also be property to many of the STIs mentioned higher than.  Bacterial infections can spread to the testicles by ascending up the urethra and into genital tracts leading to the testicle.  This can final result in testicular or epididymal swelling and/or ache.  The scrotal pores and skin is also a widespread landing web page for HSV and HPV lesions.  It’s very best not to wait around until you have signs and symptoms or observe a little something that appears to be like amusing.  Feel of typical STI testing as yet another portion of managing your all round overall health.

Remaining Ideas

The penis and testicles are critical parts of our bodies.  Get to know them, study to appreciate them, and make positive you acquire treatment of them.  They deliver us a large amount of satisfaction, but can also be the supply of ache and other severe concerns.  And recall: when it comes to your meat and potatoes if there is any question it’s constantly far better to get input from an professional professional medical qualified.

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